The country Nigeria is great nation with great people from diverse cultures. As we celebrate the country’s 58th Independence today, let us take a look at some amazing facts about the country you probably didn’t know about until now.
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1) Nigeria is home to seven percent (7%) of the total languages spoken on earth. Taraba state alone has more languages than 30 African countries.
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#WallsOfBenin-#Edo/#WestAfrica #TheWallsOfBenin-:-#TheGreatWallOfChina 👉@vintage_vegan_ – This is the story of a lost medieval city you’ve probably never heard about. _______________ Benin City, originally known as Edo, was once the capital of a pre-colonial African empire located in what is now southern Nigeria. _____________ The Benin empire was one of the oldest and most highly developed states in west Africa, dating back to the 11th century. _______________ The Guinness Book of Records (1974 edition) described the walls of Benin City and its surrounding kingdom as the world’s largest earthworks carried out prior to the mechanical era. ________________ According to estimates by the New Scientist’s Fred Pearce, Benin City’s walls were at one point “four times longer than the Great Wall of China, and consumed a hundred times more material than the Great Pyramid of Cheops”. ________________ Situated on a plain, Benin City was enclosed by massive walls in the south and deep ditches in the north. _______________ Beyond the city walls, numerous further walls were erected that separated the surroundings of the capital into around 500 distinct villages. _________________ Pearce writes that these walls “extended for some 16,000 km in all, in a mosaic of more than 500 interconnected settlement boundaries. _________________ They covered 6,500 sq km and were all dug by the Edo people.They took an estimated 150 million hours of digging to construct, and are perhaps the largest single archaeological phenomenon on the planet”. ___________________ Barely any trace of these walls exist today. Benin City was also one of the first cities to have a semblance of street lighting. Huge metal lamps, many feet high, were built and placed around the city, especially near the king’s palace. ____________________ Fuelled by palm oil, their burning wicks were lit at night to provide illumination for traffic to and from the palace. _____________________ When the Portuguese first “discovered” the city in 1485, they were stunned to find this vast kingdom made of hundreds of interlocked cities and villages in the middle of the African jungle. ____________________ #Conscious_god #WORD
2) The Walls of Benin (800-1400AD) in present day Edo State, are the longest ancient earthworks in the world, and probably the largest man-made structure on earth. They enclose 6500 square kilometers of community lands that connected about 500 communities. At over 16000km long, it was thought to be twice the length of the Great Wall of China, until it was announced in 2012 (after five years of meticulous measurement by Chinese surveyors) that the Great Wall is about 21,000km long.
3) The Yoruba tribe has the highest rate of twin births in the world. Igbo-Ora, a little town in Oyo state, has been nicknamed Twin capital of the World because of its unusually high rate of twins that is put as high as 158 twins per 1000 births.
4) Sarki Muhammad Kanta The Great of Kebbi, was the only ruler who resisted control by Songhai, West Africa’s greatest empire at that time. He founded and ruled the Hausa city-state of Kebbi around 1600 A.D and built Surame its capital, a planned city which was almost impossible to penetrate during war. In fact UNESCO describes Surame as “one of the wonders of human history, creativity and ingenuity”, and probably the most massive stone-walled constructions in West Africa. He is listed in Robin Walker’s 50 Greatest Africans.
5) The Jos Plateau Indigobird, a small reddish-brown bird, is found nowhere else on the planet but Plateau state, Nigeria.
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Title : Nembe Kingdom The Nembe are an Ijaw people of the Niger Delta region, settled in the region that now includes the Edumanom Forest Reserve. The date of foundation of the old Nembe kingdom is unknown. However, Nembe which spans present day Nembe and Brass local government areas in Bayelsa State has a complex territory and a strategic location, which gives it preeminence in the Niger Delta. This painting depicts a typical life in the Nembe community circa 1960 before the discovery of oil exploration . People are seen fishing , washing their cloths & also fetching water . Unfortunately after oil was found , the waters have been polluted by oil spills and different conflicts have started due to oil revenues . Oil on canvas L:44in H :31in #artgallery #instaquote #instafrases #quoteoftheday #artwork #instaart #visualarts #masterpiece #arthistory #artlovers #dailyart #artsytecture #architecture #artnewss #architexture #city #buildings #urban #design #minimal #cities #town #street #art #abstract #TraditionalDancers #bayelsa #nigerdelta #nembe
6) The Niger Delta (which is the second largest delta on the planet), has the highest concentration of monotypic fish families in the world, and is also home to sixty percent of Nigeria’s mangrove forests. You should know too that Nigeria’s mangrove forests are the largest in Africa and third largest on earth.
7) According to the World Resources Institute, Nigeria is home to 4,715 different types of plant species, and over 550 species of breeding birds and mammals, making it one of the most ecologically vibrant places of the planet.
8) Ile-Ife, in present day Osun State, was paved as early as 1000AD, with decorations that originated from Ancient America suggesting there might have been contact between the Yorubas and the Ancient Americans half a millenium before Columbus ‘discovered’ America.
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Did you know? that Sungbo Eredo is a system of defensive walls reputed to be the largest single pre-colonial monument in Africa?. . . It is located in present-day Ijebu-Ode, Ogun State in Nigeria and was built a Millennium ago in honor of the Ijebu noblewoman Oloye Bilikisu Sungbo. This 100 mile long wall equipped with guard houses and moats required more earth to be moved during construction than that used for building the Great Pyramid of Giza. . . The impressive size and complex construction of the Eredo drew worldwide media attention in September 1999 when Dr Patrick Darling, a British archaeologist surveyed the site and began publicizing his bid to preserve the Eredo and bring the site some prominence. #didyouknow #randomfacts #ituenbasi #ancientnigeria #ogunstate #ijebuode #knowledge #greatwall #photography #color #sungboeredo #funfacts #nigeria #proudnigerian #lostworlds
9) Sungbo’s Eredo, a 160 km rampart equipped with guard houses and moats, is reputed to be the largest single pre-colonial monument (or ancient fortification if you like) in Africa. It is located in present-day Ijebu-Ode, Ogun State and when it was built a millennium ago, it required more earth to be moved during construction than that used for building the Great Pyramid of Giza (one of the Seven Wonders of The Ancient World). The most astonishing thing is that Sungbo’s Eredo was the biggest city in the world (bigger than Rome and Cairo) during the Middle Ages when it was built!
10) The Anambra waxbill, a small bird of many beautiful colours, is found only in Southern Nigeria and nowhere else on earth.
Source: Guardian NG