Would you like to work in the United States of America on a working visa?
In this article, you’ll learn how to get the different types of USA work visas in 2023 that will allow you to freely live and work in the United States. Some of these work visas include the E1, E2, H1, L1, and TN work visas.
After reading this article, you’ll also understand the different types of U.S work visas for high skilled working professionals and you can determine which of these visas is best suited for you.
Types of USA Work Visas
There are two broad categories of U.S work visas.
- Non Immigrant or temporary work visa
- Immigrant or permanent work visa.
These two types of visas are given to individuals who have a primary purpose of freely and legally living and working in the United States. The main difference between these two categories is in the period of authorised stay in the USA.
For non-immigrant or temporary work visa: Individuals entering the U.S on this temporary work visa are only allowed to stay in the U.S for a fixed period of time. If they have to stay beyond this fixed period of time, they will need to apply for what’s called an extension of stay.
For Immigrant or permanent work visa: Individuals who enter the U.S on a permanent work visa are allowed to remain in the U.S indefinitely.
In this article, we will give you everything you need to know about the temporary work visa.
Types of Temporary USA Work Visas
Let’s take a look at the most common types of U.S temporary work visas in alphabetical order.
E1 and E2 Treaty Visa:
E1 and E2 visas are the most suitable visas to get if you are an entrepreneur who wish to enter the U.S to start your own businesses.
This visa is granted to citizens of countries that have a Treaty of Commerce or an international agreement with the United States and who wish to enter the U.S to engage in international trade on their own behalf. This is the case with the E1 visa, whereas with the case of the E2 visa, this is for individuals who plan to invest a substantial amount in the U.S based business.
Currently, there are 81 countries with at least one of these treaties with the U.S. Check below to see if your country is one of the treaty countries with the U.S.
|Country||Classification||Entered into Force|
|Albania||E-2||January 4, 1998|
|Argentina||E-1||December 20, 1854|
|Argentina||E-2||December 20, 1854|
|Armenia||E-2||March 29, 1996|
|Australia||E-1||December 16, 1991|
|Australia||E-2||December 27, 1991|
|Australia||E-3||September 2, 2005|
|Austria||E-1||May 27, 1931|
|Austria||E-2||May 27, 1931|
|Azerbaijan||E-2||August 2, 2001|
|Bahrain||E-2||May 30, 2001|
|Bangladesh||E-2||July 25, 1989|
|Belgium||E-1||October 3, 1963|
|Belgium||E-2||October 3, 1963|
|Bolivia||E-1||November 09, 1862|
|Bolivia||E-2||June 6, 2001|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||E-1||November 15, 1982|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||E-2||November 15, 1982|
|Brunei||E-1||July 11, 1853|
|Bulgaria||E-2||June 2, 1954|
|Cameroon||E-2||April 6, 1989|
|Canada||E-1||January 1, 1994|
|Canada||E-2||January 1, 1994|
|Chile||E-1||January 1, 2004|
|Chile||E-2||January 1, 2004|
|China (Taiwan)||E-1||November 30, 1948|
|China (Taiwan)||E-2||November 30, 1948|
|Colombia||E-1||June 10, 1948|
|Colombia||E-2||June 10, 1948|
|Congo (Brazzaville)||E-2||August 13, 1994|
|Congo (Kinshasa)||E-2||July 28, 1989|
|Costa Rica||E-1||May 26, 1852|
|Costa Rica||E-2||May 26, 1852|
|Croatia||E-1||November 15, 1982|
|Croatia||E-2||November 15, 1982|
|Czech Republic||E-2||January 1, 1993|
|Denmark||E-1||July 30, 1961|
|Denmark||E-2||December 10, 2008|
|Ecuador||E-2||May 11, 1997|
|Egypt||E-2||June 27, 1992|
|Estonia||E-1||May 22, 1926|
|Estonia||E-2||February 16, 1997|
|Ethiopia||E-1||October 8, 1953|
|Ethiopia||E-2||October 8, 1953|
|Finland||E-1||August 10, 1934|
|Finland||E-2||December 1, 1992|
|France||E-1||December 21, 1960|
|France||E-2||December 21, 1960|
|Georgia||E-2||August 17, 1997|
|Germany||E-1||July 14, 1956|
|Germany||E-2||July 14, 1956|
|Greece||E-1||October 13, 1954|
|Grenada||E-2||March 3, 1989|
|Honduras||E-1||July 19, 1928|
|Honduras||E-2||July 19, 1928|
|Ireland||E-1||September 14, 1950|
|Ireland||E-2||November 18, 1992|
|Israel||E-1||April 3, 1954|
|Israel||E-2||May 1, 2019|
|Italy||E-1||July 26, 1949|
|Italy||E-2||July 26, 1949|
|Jamaica||E-2||March 7, 1997|
|Japan||E-1||October 30, 1953|
|Japan||E-2||October 30, 1953|
|Jordan||E-1||December 17, 2001|
|Jordan||E-2||December 17, 2001|
|Kazakhstan||E-2||January 12, 1994|
|Korea (South)||E-1||November 7, 1957|
|Korea (South)||E-2||November 7, 1957|
|Kosovo||E-1||November 15, 1882|
|Kosovo||E-2||November 15, 1882|
|Kyrgyzstan||E-2||January 12, 1994|
|Latvia||E-1||July 25, 1928|
|Latvia||E-2||December 26, 1996|
|Liberia||E-1||November 21, 1939|
|Liberia||E-2||November 21, 1939|
|Lithuania||E-2||November 22, 2001|
|Luxembourg||E-1||March 28, 1963|
|Luxembourg||E-2||March 28, 1963|
|Macedonia||E-1||November 15, 1982|
|Macedonia||E-2||November 15, 1982|
|Mexico||E-1||January 1, 1994|
|Mexico||E-2||January 1, 1994|
|Moldova||E-2||November 25, 1994|
|Mongolia||E-2||January 1, 1997|
|Montenegro||E-1||November 15, 1882|
|Montenegro||E-2||November 15, 1882|
|Morocco||E-2||May 29, 1991|
|Netherlands||E-1||December 5, 1957|
|Netherlands||E-2||December 5, 1957|
|New Zealand||E1||June 10, 2019|
|New Zealand||E2||June 10, 2019|
|Norway||E-1||January 18, 1928|
|Norway||E-2||January 18, 1928|
|Oman||E-1||June 11, 1960|
|Oman||E-2||June 11, 1960|
|Pakistan||E-1||February 12, 1961|
|Pakistan||E-2||February 12, 1961|
|Panama||E-2||May 30, 1991|
|Paraguay||E-1||March 07, 1860|
|Paraguay||E-2||March 07, 1860|
|Philippines||E-1||September 6, 1955|
|Philippines||E-2||September 6, 1955|
|Poland||E-1||August 6, 1994|
|Poland||E-2||August 6, 1994|
|Romania||E-2||January 15, 1994|
|Senegal||E-2||October 25, 1990|
|Singapore||E-1||January 1, 2004|
|Singapore||E-2||January 1, 2004|
|Slovak Republic||E-2||January 1, 1993|
|Slovenia||E-1||November 15, 1982|
|Slovenia||E-2||November 15, 1982|
|Spain||E-1||April 14, 1903|
|Spain||E-2||April 14, 1903|
|Sri Lanka||E-2||May 1, 1993|
|Suriname||E-1||February 10, 1963|
|Suriname||E-2||February 10, 1963|
|Sweden||E-1||February 20, 1992|
|Sweden||E-2||February 20, 1992|
|Switzerland||E-1||November 08, 1855|
|Switzerland||E-2||November 08, 1855|
|Thailand||E-1||June 8, 1968|
|Thailand||E-2||June 8, 1968|
|Togo||E-1||February 5, 1967|
|Togo||E-2||February 5, 1967|
|Trinidad & Tobago||E-2||December 26, 1996|
|Tunisia||E-2||February 7, 1993|
|Turkey||E-1||February 15, 1933|
|Turkey||E-2||May 18, 1990|
|Ukraine||E-2||November 16, 1996|
|United Kingdom||E-1||July 03, 1815|
|United Kingdom||E-2||July 03, 1815|
|Yugoslavia||E-1||November 15, 1882|
|Yugoslavia||E-2||November 15, 1882|
This visa is only given to citizens of Australia who wish to come to the U.S to work in specialty occupations and have obtained an offer of employment from a U.S employer. Specialty occupations require specialized knowledge, and you must have obtained a minimum of bachelor’s degree in your field to enter the U.S on this visa.
Individuals entering the U.S on an E1, E2 and E3 visa are typically allowed to remain in the U.S for a period of two years, beyond which they must apply to extend their period of stay for another two years if they wish to remain in the U.S. There is no cap to the number of extensions that may be granted to an E1, E2 or E3 nonimmigrant.
H1B visa class
This is the most popular nonimmigrant work visa for high skilled professionals who come to the US. Similar to the E3 visa, you must obtain an offer of employment from a U.S employer for work in a specialty occupation, and you must have a minimum a Bachelor’s degree or higher that’s equivalent to a U.S Bachelor’s degree or higher degree.
Foreign nationals admitted to the U.S on an H1B visa are typically admitted for a period of three years, and they can apply to extend the period of stay for an additional three years, for a total of six years in the U.S.
Foreign nationals coming to USA to receive job related training for work that will automatically be performed outside of the US can obtain what’s called an H3 Trainee visa.
Typically, individuals entering the U.S on an H3 visa are usually allowed to remain in the U.S for a period of two years.
The L1B intra Company transferring visa allows a U.S employer to transfer a professional worker who’s knowledgeable about the employer’s business from a foreign location to a U.S based location.
To be eligible for this visa, you must have worked for the prospective employer for one continuous year within three years prior to when you seek to enter the U.S.
Most individuals entering the U.S on the L1 Visa are usually admitted to the U.S for an initial period of three years, and they may extend their stay in the US until a maximum limit of five years is attained.
This type of visa is granted to individuals who possess extraordinary ability in the Sciences, arts, education, business and in sport, and they must be coming to the U.S to work temporarily in their field of extraordinary ability. Put simply, extraordinary ability in one field means that you must have attained a level of expertise that puts you at the very top of your field. This is usually demonstrated by the receipt of international or national awards in your field of expertise.
The TN nonimmigrant class is based on the North America Free Trade Agreement between the United States, Canada and Mexico. This allows a Canadian or Mexican citizen to enter the United States temporarily to work in a qualifying professional level business activity.
Some of these professions include lawyers, teachers, engineers, and scientists. For a full list of qualifying professions, check out the description section below. Canadian or Mexican citizens must have the qualifications for these qualifying professions and must receive an offer of employment from a U.S based employer for these professions.
While citizens of Mexico need to obtain a TN visa to enter the United States, citizens of Canada do not. Citizens of Canada and Mexico who enter the U.S on a TN nonimmigrant class are allowed to remain in the U.S for a period of three years and if they wish to remain in the U.S beyond three years they must apply for an extension of stay in the U.S but there is no limit to the number of times a TN status can be extended.
When you get any of these visas mentioned in this article, you will be allowed to bring your wife/husband and children to the United States as your dependents but only the L and E visa class allow your wife/husband to seek employment in the United States.
With the exception of the E1 and the E2 visa, all other work visas mentioned require a U.S employer to first file a petition with the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) and once approved the foreign national living outside the U.S must then apply for a visa to seek entry into the U.S or if the foreign national is lawfully present in the US on a nonimmigrant status they can change their status accordingly.
I hope you found this article very helpful and informative. My aim of writing it is to give you the best educative articles you will need to read about jobs, visas and scholarship so that you can migrate, live and work legally and with peace of mind in the country of your dreams.
DISCLAIMER: This article/post and content is designed for general information only and is NOT legal advice. The information presented in this article/post should not be construed to be formal legal advice. If you need legal advice, you may contact a licensed attorney.
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